Oman Academic Accreditation Authority, Oman
Dr. Rabiee Al Rashdi graduated as a general nurse from the UK in 1987 before joining the Sultan Qaboos Military Academy from which he graduated as an Officer and then returned to UK to specialize in Accident and Emergency, Flight Nursing, as well as Intensive Care. Worked as a Nursing Officer in various military hospitals and climbed up the professional career ladder to finally become the Chief Nursing Officer (CNO) of the Armed Forces Medical Services, Oman. He served in this demanding post for over 12 years, then he was appointed as the Commandant (Dean) of AFMS School. Dr Rabiee left the military healthcare services at the beginning of 2015 and is currently working as Planning and DevSelopment Expert in the Oman Academic Accreditation Authority where he is involved in strategic and Operational Planning; Development of Policies; Quality training and Audits; and Risk management. Dr. Rabiee has a Masters Degree in Nursing and a Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD) from Napier University, Edinburgh (Scotland), with a focus on healthcare Human Resources Development and Management. He also holds a post doctorate diploma in strategic management and leadership from Oxford Business College, UK, as well as various leadership and management courses. To enhance his knowledge and expertise, Dr. Rabiee teaches and presents in various nursing and healthcare subjects; evidence based practice; quality and patientsâ€™ safety issues; human resources development; and Business Studies. Dr. Rabiee is a member of various professional bodies such as the United Kingdom Nursing & Midwifery Council; the Canadian Healthcare Accreditation Body (as a surveyor); the Oman Nursing Association; and the Omani Higher Education Quality Network (OQNHE) in which he was for 2 years a member of the executive committee. Dr. Rabiee has a great interest in Higher Education and Healthcare Quality; Strategic Planning; Organizational Excellence; Human Resources Planning and Development; Patients Safety & Quality Care; Research & Evidence Based Practice; Healthcare Law & Ethics; and Professionalism.
Several definitions exist for the ‘Evidence Based Practice’ (EBP) concept, but the most commonly cited definition, according to Boyce et al (2018), comes from Dr. David Sackett in his 1996 letter in BMJ on what evidence-based medicine is and is not. In the letter, he described EBP as “the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients (Sackett, et al, 1996).
According to Mackey and Bassendowski (2017) Evidence Based Practice evolved from Florence Nightingale in the 1800s to medical physicians in the 1970s, and the nursing profession in the late 1990s. It began as an idea to provide better outcomes for patients who experienced deplorable, unsanitary, conditions and developed from this foundation to a widely communicated and critically needed practice for fostering and maintaining safe and competent care.
The critical need of Evidence Based Practice stems from the fact that, despite its development and wide interest to adapt it in nursing and other healthcare professions, there is still a wide variation in healthcare practices that ultimately lead to un-necessary wastage of resources, wasted care delivery time and efforts, as well as poor treatments and nursing care outcome (Youngblut and Brooten, 2001).
In response to the aforementioned status quo of Evidence Based Practice, commissioners and providers of healthcare were encouraged to implement it in order to utilize resources, improve the outcome of treatment and care delivery and meet public demands for cost effective and high standards of care. In this keynote presentation, the author aims to answer the following key questions: what is Evidence Based Practice and what is it not?; why is Evidence Based Practice needed in healthcare?; what is the best way of implementing Evidence Based Practice?; what are the hindering factors in implementation of Evidence Based Practice?; and how to overcome the hindering factors and enhance the implementation of Evidence Based Practice?.